David was a man of strength, integrity and valor. He spent much of his early life on the run, from the maniacal King Saul. Saul went to every measure he could to hunt down and destroy David. But God protected and preserved David.
David had gathered to himself a group of thirty men who stood with him and would do all they could to protect and defend David. They were known as David’s Mighty Men. 2 Samuel 23:8-9 and 1 Chronicles 11:10-47 names for all eternity these men that stood so strongly for David, and did battle for him.
Among these mighty men were three highly significant men, who were known as “David’s Men of Valor.” They almost single handedly won great battles that furthered David’s cause. God’s Word not only names these men of valor, it chronicles what they did that proved their bravery and valor.
2 Samuel 23 boldly declares the names of these three mighty men of Valor. They are:
1. Adino the Eznite.
2. Eleazar the son of Dodo
3. Shaman the son of Agee the Harriet.
Samuel names each of these mighty men of valor and chronicles what they did that allows them to be known as one of David’s mighty men of valor. We will consider each one of them and see what we can ascertain about them and what they did.
1. Adina the Eznite. 2 Samuel 23:8 declares “These are the names of the mighty men whom David had: Josheb-Basshebeth the Tachmonite, chief among the captains. He was called Adino the Eznite, because he had killed eight hundred men at one time.” His given name, Joseb-Basshebeth means “one who sits in the seat.” This probably speaks of his position of being the Chief among the captains. He had risen to the top in leadership. He had not gotten there solely because of who he was or his name. It seems that he had won his way to the top because of his bravery, skill and valor. He had the reputation having killed eight hundred in one battle.
2. Eleazar the son of Dodo, the Ahohite. 2 Samuel 23:9 -10 says “And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo, the Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David when they defeated the Philistines who were gathered there for battle, and the men of Israel had retreated. He arose and attacked the Philistines until his hand was weary and his hand was stuck to the sword. The Lord brought about a great victory that day and the people returned after him only to plunder.” 1 Chronicles 11:12-14 adds “After him was Elezar the son of Dodo, the Ahohite, who was one of the three mighty men. He was with David at Pasammim. Now there the Philistines were gathered for battle and there was a piece of ground full of barley. So the people fled from the Philistines. But they stationed themselves in the middle of the field, defended it and killed the Philistines. So the Lord brought about a great victory.”
1 Chronicles 11:12-14 adds “After him was Elezar the son of Dodo, the Ahohite, who was one of the three mighty men. He was with David at Pasammim. Now there the Philistines were gathered for battle and there was a piece of ground full of barley. So the people fled from the Philistines. But they stationed themselves in the middle of the field, defended it and killed the Philistines. So the Lord brought about a great victory.”
Eleazar stood with David against the Philistines. The name Eleazar means “whom God aids.” Truly 2 Chronicles 11:14 in the phrase “so the Lord brought about a great victory” shows the significance of Eleazar’s name. David and Eleazar abandoned by everyone else stood and fought, and the Lord used them to win a great victory that day.
3. Shammah the Son of Agee the Hazarite. 2 Samuel 9: 11-12 says “And after him was Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite. The Philistines had gathered together into a troop where there was a piece of ground full of lentils... So the people fled from the Philistines, but he stationed himself in the middle of the field defended it and killed the Philistines. So the Lord brought about a great victory. “He stood in the lentil field and fought the Philistines. The Lord used him to win a great victory that day.
I believe the Lord records these examples of mighty men of valor to teach us Christ followers today that we to must stand and fight. We must be valiant for the Lord. We need to remind ourselves that Romans 8:31 says “If God be for us who can be against us!” Romans 8:37 says “Yet in all these things we are more than conquerors through Him who loved us.”
The counsel of God’s Word is that we must be prepared to stand and fight. Ephesians 6:10- 11 says “Finally my brethren be strong in the Lord and in the power of His might. Put on the whole armor of God that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.” May God help us each to be mighty men of valor for Him.